Eyes help us look outwards. They sometimes help us look within, more so in people with diabetes who could additionally be obese, and suffer heart-related ailments.

Most people in the Indian context aren’t much aware of the apparent relation between eyes and diabetes. Science today shows the connection very clearly. So says Dr Ashwini Joshi, Physician & Diabetologist of Pune’s famed Aloha Clinics who in her 20 years of practice has come across her share of such cases.

According to her, every part of our body right from our toes to the top of our head functions as a system that uses oxygen and energy to keep things “alive” as we know it. Every cell in the body needs to be enriched with a constant flow of blood that is rich in oxygen, energy and essential nutrients. This is the ideal situation, though in most cases this is far from the state due to a variety of reasons, be they genetically induced or brought about by excesses of a ‘happening’ lifestyle.

One such problem that she says is being seen increasingly among Indians, and shocking even among those young of age, is ocular complications brought about by diabetes and the presence of high blood sugar.

What do you think diabetes does to our body?

Diabetes, according to the Doctor brings about swellings in the body in many places. This takes place because of the high glucose levels in the blood that damages the lining of the smaller blood vessels impeding blood circulation. In the absence of effective blood circulation, fluids accumulate at various places in the body which without effective drainage form swellings. Such swellings are most visible in extremities including hands, legs, fingers and toes.

What do you think diabetes does to the eyes?

In particular, diabetes and elevated blood-sugar levels affect the eyes in the following forms:

How does one avoid ocular degeneration caused by high blood sugar levels?

With the central reason for ocular degeneration being the existence of elevated blood sugar levels, it’s important to treat the underlying conditions at the earliest. Steps to mitigate the same may include:

  • Retinopathy: The most common disorder, it can cause permanent damage to the retina’s blood vessels. The retina for your information is that part of the eye that relays information from the eye’s nerves to the brain for processing. If left unchecked, it may lead to permanent blurring or even complete blindness.
  • Diet: Eat foods with low glycaemic properties including millets and coarse grains, fruits and vegetables regularly as against those high in sugar and carbs. Being high on fibre, the former makes one feel full, which takes care of hunger. Being low on the glycaemic index, they release blood sugar slowly and don’t cause a sudden rush. Sugar thus released, turns into glucose efficiently and effectively with very little remaining as sugar, the cause of most problems.
  • Exercise: Do you know that during phases of physical activity, blood glucose fuel the muscles with very low insulin! This goes to show that one of the best ways to use all the blood sugar is by effective physical activity. Mind you, the level of physical activity that is beneficial differs from person to person. It thus makes sense to consult a medical practitioner as also an expert physical activity coach to be on the safer side. The safest incidentally would be to come to Aloha Clinics Medi-Gym in Karve Nagar, Pune where you get every element that goes into improving your health, under one roof!
  • Medication: High blood sugar may have many reasons, including genetics and age. In these, the best bet to remain healthy is to visit a registered medical practitioner. In Pune, you find the best lifestyle disease reversal doctors including Diabetologists, Cardiologists, Orthopaedics, Gynecologists and Nutritionists only at Aloha Clinics!
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